The turmoil in Egypt may be analyzed from a variety of perspectives regarding cause. The first perspective is the oneness of the Arab world in both the political spheres. The Middle East sees itself as a people with one voice and with same political destinies. The Tunisian overthrow of their prime minister who had served as a dictator for a long time the Egyptians drew inspiration. The political situation of lack of freedom had plagued Egypt and much of the Arab for much of the 20th century. The political situation in Tunisia mirrored the Egyptian situation. Given that Egypt is deemed as the de facto leader of the Arab leader, Egyptians had to take a leadership stance by overthrowing Mubarak who had served since 1981 and did not seem ready to change his political policies.
Another perspective is the refusal of the Hosni Mubarak led government to allow for more political and economic opportunity. The Egyptian state had little regard for the welfare of the citizens who had increasingly grown disillusioned. The economy of Egypt had experienced a lot of growth in the Mubarak era but this was deemed to only benefit the rich with the gap between the rich and the poor ever growing wider. Similar to the Tunisian situation the economic and political opportunities in Egypt were tightly controlled by the government. The government was deemed to be a force for keeping the citizens down economically rather than a force of progress. The lack of political opportunity resulted in disillusionment and this set the tone for the uprising which needed to be ignited by the Tunisian Revolution.
Even as the uprising was not markedly religious in nature, the brotherhood was one of the most visible organized forces that led the uprising. Given that the brotherhood was the most organized party during and after the revolution it was inevitable that it would win the Egyptian elections. It is also important to note that since the brotherhood was the most visible sign of opposition during the Mubarak era it would stand to reason that people would identify the Party as standing against all that Mu8barak stood for. The Muslim Brotherhood is known for being a radical group and it remains to be seen the direction Egypt will take with the party in power. Ominous signs such as the renunciation of the treaty with Israel which has stood for decades do not bode well for the peace in the region. The open support for the Palestinians by the brotherhood is also a negative sign and would strain relations with Israel Egypt’s northern neighbor.