1. The Dinka culture is regarded as one that is focused on religion and family unity. The Dinka community believes in education and union with family as well as being responsible for welfare of each other. This is demonstrated by three lost boys who try to get basic education, assist each other while they are on the move to Ethiopia and Kenya. They also try to trace their families when they are in America.
The American culture is the one that is focused on the current events and celebrations such as high regards for Santa Clause during Christmas, high sensitivity towards the use of time compared to Sudan where it was regarded as time for spiritual reflections and all things. The Dinka Culture shows similarity with other communities in Kenya since it is also regarded as time for being faithful to God and reflection on Godly life.
2. The major fears when the boys arrive in the U.S. is safety of their families as well as the possibility of living better life given the challenges such as lack of jobs in the U.S. Personally I would have the fear of securing or not securing a good job that provides me with enough income to sustain my life in a foreign country.
The major difference between the Dinka culture and the American culture is that the Dinka culture is more focused on the unity among family members and concern for each other while the American culture is focused on economic situations and ensuring a person meets his needs in any way possible. The major challenge faced by the boys when they arrive in the U.S. is the need to know concepts such as electricity and potato chips and the need to ensure they are employed by securing two or three jobs. In order to adapt to the life in the U.S., the three boys try to ensure they follow their cultures as well as learn the ways of life in the U.S. They also try to use the U.S. culture to maintain similarity with the U.S. citizens.
3. The major community building strategies used by three boys within the refugee camps and in the U.S. are assisting each other in areas of need such as burial of those who have been killed while they are on the move and assisting in obtaining food by bartering their clothes. When they were settled in the U.S., the major community building strategy was Dau's search for his mother and other siblings whom he wanted to bring to the U.S.
4. The major community building strategies that were practiced by the communities in which the boys had settled were a provision of assistance by the Catholic Church and other local communities in terms of food and other basic needs. They also tried to ensure they that inspired the refugees to obtain the basic education and training.
5. The Lost Boys feel they are responsible for care of their families and communities they had left in the camps since they were lucky to be selected to go to the U.S. to live there a better life compared to that in the camps. They believe they have a duty to liberate their colleagues from the heat, diseases and hunger in the camps. For instance, Dau promises to build a clinic when he returns to Sudan and acts as a critic to foreign policies in his country.
6. The phrase “A person without culture is like a human being without land”. The Dinka regarded their culture as rich and did not accept to be influenced by the Muslims from the northern Sudan. The speaker also regarded this statement as true since he believed that following his culture alone was similar to owning a piece of land despite being a refugee. This statement also applies to the American culture where culture is less regarded compared to economic conditions such as being employed or being conversant with current technologies such as electricity.
7. The Tiv's interpretation of the story is affected by their belief in contextual assumptions regarding a story. Hence, their interpretation of the events that happen in the story of Hamlet is dictated by a story and may have a particular meaning in one place and have a different meaning in another place. They assume that motivation can be obtained by seeking the guidance of the elders who are considered the people who know why things happen the way they happen, while improper conduct they assume that the conduct of the story teller needs to be in agreement with expectations of the audience. Their assumption of nature is that human beings are the same all over the world and should interpret the story the way it is expected in the context in which it is told. This is different from the present world where a story is interpreted being based on the outward meaning depicted by words.
8. Tiv's interpretation of Hamlet is regarded as correct since a story will always be interpreted as true according to the interpretation of the audience to which the story is told. If the audience believes that a story is correct, then we should be satisfied that we were telling a true story. In Shakespeare's stories the main factor that dictates a true story is understanding of the contents of the story and belief in its meaning by the audience.
9. The claim by the narrator that “human nature is pretty much the same the whole world over, at least the general plot and motivation of the greater tragedies would always be clear everywhere”. This claim is vindicated by Tiv's reaction to the story and by the argument of the audience that what is right and what is wrong is not always universal and culture plays a role in determining whether something is right or wrong.
10. The phrase Shakespeare's “universality” means the tendency of Shakespeare to explore the major aspects of human life such as love, war, duty combined with his talents in depicting dramatic situations and canonic placement in the West that has made him gain the respect of Western art and traditions in drama.