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Introduction

Criminal justice plays an important role in public order and personal freedom. We live in the society where there are so much evil and crimes that is why the criminal justice should be the protector. At present, there are so many crimes that committing of its does not bear any consequences. People committing crimes should be responsible for them before the law and before the society.

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The word "law" is always associated with the notions of regulations, statutes, and legislation. There is the stereotype that law always defends public welfare and the public good.

However, the juridical system in the novel is far from perfect. It does not try to solve the case without damaging people's life. It does not try to find evidence for solving the problem. It tries to punish violently without caring about justice.

Importance of Ethics for Criminal Justice

Ethics is one of the most important aspects of criminal justice and security management. To my mind, criminal justice should be based on deontological and utilitarian ethical and moral principles. Utilitarianism is the idea of moral preferences and actions in the interests of others. It is one of the powerful and persuasive approaches in philosophy. Utilitarianism is the right moral action.

Utilitarianism supports the idea of making good to other people. Utilitarian ethics determine the moral principles of behavior of an individual. Deontological ethics is the idea of following certain rules and duties. It defines right moral choice and what is permitted, required, and forbidden. According to deontological philosophy, when a person follows duties, he/she behaves morally.

Without doubt, criminal justice and security management are the branches that demand moral behavior the most comparing with other professions. Criminal justice should follow certain ethical and moral norms. However, it is a pity that in many cases criminal justice ignores the illegal behavior of the individuals and does not see their acts as a crime.

It is ridiculous how they can decide the destiny of another person and charge of something when their actions are not examples for following. To my mind, our society suffers from a bad judiciary system that does not struggle for justice but gives birth to new crimes. There is the saying that the rules exist to violate them.

As to police crimes, they happen very often. Police crime is an abuse of power. Police crimes can be organized, occupational, and corruption. Police crime is characterized by the violation of rights, excessive use of power, illegal acts, etc. Torts committed by police officers are also supposed to be excessive use of power. As we see, ethical principles are violated and ignored very often that is why there is so much violence in our society.

The Role of Critical Thinking about the Relationship of Ethics and Professional Behavior

Critical thinking plays an important role in controlling professional behavior. It is an ability of a person to judge one's actions objectively. This purposeful and reflective judgment also proves about ethical and moral principles of the personality. Without doubt, professional behavior in criminal justice demands making decisions, solving problems and judging that is why critical thinking is the essential aspect of the professionalism.

To my mind, critical thinking and ethics are interrelated and interdependent as critical thinking defines objectivity and ethics defines the norms of moral conduct. The absence of critical thinking may lead to the violation of moral and ethical principles. In the professional sphere, especially such as criminal justice, critical thinking and ethics are a must.

Ethics is a very important aspect for police officers. Ethics defines the wrongness and rightness of individual conduct. Ethics is the following of moral rules; it criticizes violation of rules, abuse of power, and requires making the right decision from the police officers. Ethics and professional behavior in the basement of criminal justice and security management.

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Summary

"To Kill a Mockingbird" is a novel by the American writer Harper Lee. She received Pulitzer Prize for this novel. The events take place in the 1930s. Atticus Finch is a lawyer who defends an African American man, Tom Robinson who is not guilty. However, the legal system proves the opposite.

Tom Robinson, an African American man, is accused of raping a white girl, Mayella. Atticus Finch shows Tom Robinson as a moral person who educated his children and reveals racial prejudices. In this novel, Tom Robinson is the prototype of people who suffered from unfair criminal justice.

Mayella and her father testify at the trial that this is Tom who is a criminal and who is a rapist. Atticus tries to prove that Tom is innocent demonstrating his evidence. Indeed, it is Mayella's father who constantly beats her and there is no rape. However, no evidence helps and Tom is supposed to be guilty and is sentenced. Atticus Finch is a character that symbolizes justice and the jury symbolizes injustice. Atticus Finch has moral virtues and an impeccable reputation.

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The main problems of this novel are:

  • racial prejudices;
  • the imperfectness of criminal justice;
  • the problem of finding evidence and testifying.

Atticus Finch is an example of a principled and liberal justice system. He proves that the moral aspect is very important for the jury and judge.

The problems of this novel are urgent now that is why it is necessary to do everything in order to prevent from unfair imprisonment. Innocent people should not be the victims of oppression. Atticus Finch should be followed as the model of a liberal and moral lawyer. Criminal justice should not be based only on laws but also on legal ethics and moral philosophy.

In conclusion, it is necessary to say that the novel "To Kill a Mockingbird" is a bright example of imperfectness of criminal justice. It informs about the problems of criminal justice, introduces the case of unfair judging, criticizes injustice; inspires other people to struggle for justice.

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Criminal Justice in the Novel "To Kill a Mockingbird"

Criminal justice plays an important role in public order and personal freedom. We live in a society where there are so many evil and crimes that is why criminal justice should be the protector. At present, there are so many crimes that committing of its does not bear any consequences. People committing crimes should be responsible for them before the law and before society.

Let us analyze the concept of criminal justice in a novel by Harper Lee "To Kill a Mockingbird". This novel brightly demonstrates criminal justice. The main hero Tom Robinson was unfairly accused of rape. Bob Ewell, the father of this girl claimed that it was the truth but indeed Bob Ewell abused her himself. Tom Robinson was a black man and that time the negroes were discriminated that is why it was difficult for him to prove that he was not guilty.

The lawyer Atticus defended Tom but his evidence did not help. The criminal justice did not work and the jury acted not according to evidence and Tom was imprisoned and placed on death row. These were prejudices to black people rather than criminal justice that defined the destiny of that unhappy man.

At present, we deal with the problem of the accuracy of criminal justice. The case in "To Kill a Mockingbird" proves that injustice in the cases exists and it is difficult to overcome it. For the main character, Tom Robinson there was no justice because of discrimination of the black people.

However, even now justice system does not provide a clear plan for solving such a problem. Tom Robinson suffered the harshness of the law because of his race. Nowadays there is the tendency that people are accused unfairly because of lack of evidence, because of the imperfectness of criminal justice, and because of corruption.

Harper Lee reveals the imperfectness of justice in her novel. Here justice is a privilege but not the right to defend oneself when one is not guilty. A fair trial is something unreal and imagined.

"To Kill a Mockingbird" is a novel about the law and the faults of the jury system. Criminal justice is the instrument for justice. In this novel, one can follow many shortcomings of criminal justice, in this case, racial discrimination. However, every case should be regarded carefully as it has its peculiarities. One of the important mechanisms in criminal justice is a jury. However, Herbert Spencer supposes that it is a group of people of average ignorance.

One can define the following concepts of criminal justice in the novel "To Kill a Mockingbird":

  • personal freedom (Tom Robinson was imprisoned without serious evidence. He was assumed to be a criminal unfairly.);
  • racial prejudices (Afro-American people were supposed guilty even if the crime was committed by white people);
  • the imperfectness of the juridical system.
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The juridical system in the novel is far from perfect. It does not try to solve the case without damaging people's life. It does not try to find evidence for solving the problem. It tries to punish violently without caring about justice.

In this novel we see that the court does not give the possibility to Tom to prove that he is not guilty. They do not use correctional facilities for him. They imprison him. However, one knows that imprisonment destroys the moral aspect of personality and causes suicide when this person is not guilty.

Without a doubt, this novel is a good portrayal of criminal justice. It helps us to understand better all faults that lead to negative results and degradation of society. Harper Lee mocks the juridical system. For example, real-life judge of this novel James Horton is the symbol of paradoxical ridicules of judging. He states that no matter who we are, black or white, native or alien, we all are under our law.

The portrayal of a judge and criminal justice showed in this novel will bring only positive effects as it reveals the imperfectness of law, judging, and juridical system. To my mind, this novel will help to understand that the problem of criminal justice is very old and very deep and it is impossible to solve it immediately.

Conclusions

At present with deal with the problem of the accuracy of criminal justice. The case in "To Kill a Mockingbird" proves that injustice in the cases exists and it is difficult to overcome it. For the main character, Tom Robinson there was no justice because of discrimination of the black people.

However, even now justice system does not provide a clear plan for solving such a problem. Tom Robinson suffered the harshness of the law because of his race. Nowadays, there is the tendency that people are accused unfairly because of lack of evidence, because of the imperfectness of criminal justice, and because of corruption.

It is necessary to say that the reference of popular culture has an impact on the public understanding of criminal justice. They inform about the problems of criminal justice, introduce the cases of unfair judging, criticize injustice; inspire other people to struggle for justice. There are many means of popular culture: books, magazines, social media, films, etc. To my mind, they show us everything that one tries to hide.

The references of popular culture expose lie, false evidence, cynical attitude and virtues of justice system.

Without a doubt, this novel is a good portrayal of criminal justice. It helps us to understand better all faults that lead to the negative results and degradation of society. Harper Lee mocks the juridical system.

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