Churchill and the Soviet Union
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Khrushchev's View on the US versus Churchill's Understanding of the Soviet Union
Winston Churchill was the British Prime Minister in 1940-1945 and 1951-1955. He led the United Kingdom during the World War II and the onset of the Cold war. Churchill's ideologies differed from that of the Soviet Union (Perry 300). This is because he was a strong anti-communist campaigner. However, he knew that the force of the Russian army could contribute to curbing the spread of Nazism. After the German Dictator Adolf Hitler attacked the Soviet Union, Churchill declared that he would rather sign a pact with the devil if Hitler had attacked hell (Perry 300). This led to the British troops, tanks, and other supplies being rendered to the support of the Soviet Union. The support aided in the defeat of Hitler culminating the spread of Nazism and bringing an end to the World War II.
However, Churchill refrained from direct attacks on the Soviet Union and preferred dialogue as a means of solving disputes that would arise between the two parties. Despite the differences in the US and Soviet ideologies, he did not want to bring conflicts with the Russian government as this would strengthen the Axis Powers. Churchill was opposed to the Russian invasion of Poland and commented it in most of his writings (Perry 301). He then signed a treaty with Stalin that led to them sharing influence in Poland, Greece, Bulgaria, and Rumania. This effect of the Yalta Conference also led to the return of the Soviet citizens who were in the Allied states. This approach differs from Khrushchev's policy of threatening the US to demonstrate their supremacy by attacking the USSR.
Khrushchev led USSR between 1953 and 1964. He ascended to power following the death of the then USSR leader Josef Stalin. In 1956, Khrushchev delivered the secret speech which denounced Stalin's policies in attempt to create a less authoritarian regime geared towards the betterment of the Soviet people. This de-Stalinization was supported by Eastern European countries who viewed it as a step towards gaining their independence (Perry 301). Khrushchev then became the Prime Minister and ruled from 1958 to 1964.
With the end of the World War II, the USA and the USSR emerged as the world superpowers with the former championing the capitalistic ideologies whereas the latter championed communistic dogma. Khrushchev believed that the US was a major threat but adopted a hypocritical way of dealing with them by maintaining mixed relations with the US protecting the Russian interests (Perry 301).
Khrushchev issued six-month ultimatum in order to reunite Germany in November 1958. He further threatened that he would proceed and sign a treaty with East Germany which increased tension with the US government and other western allies (Perry 302). The construction of the Berlin wall was also championed by Khrushchev. This separated Eastern from the Western Germany (Perry 302).
Khrushchev then announced the change in approach of a peaceful competition with the capitalist states (Perry 302). This led to his visit of the US where he held meetings with the US President Eisenhower and established better relationships.
He took advantage of the good relations with the US to downsize the USSR army and preferred to use missiles for defense. This decision aimed at reducing the government expenditure and improving the living standards of the citizens. Khrushchev also attempted to adopt the US agricultural education program in the Soviet Union (Perry 303) but did not succeed.
Khrushchev made another visit to the US in 1960 to attend the UN meeting. He attempted to seduce the third world countries which had just gained independence to adopt communism. This led to the restriction of visiting the Island of Manhattan (Perry 303). This conference led to the famous shoe banging incident in protest to the statement of the Filipino delegate. He marshaled the Cuban Missile Crisis which brought unrest among the western allies and heightened the existing tension.