Abstract

Terrorism and Islamic extremists pose a significant security threat to our homeland. We tend to be a nation at war. The fight against terrorism and our adversaries is being spread to fresh hotbeds of terror. The state of the homeland is progressive, but not secure. Our enemies have an upper hand in the overwhelming spread of activities of terror that prevent our country from developing. The issue of terrorism is one of the primary threats facing Homeland. United States needs to come up with ways to fight the peril. The paper will focus on threats facing our homeland and the measures adopted by US to counter-attack the danger.

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS)

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has the important role of securing the country from numerous threats it faces. Our nation is exposed to many threats both locally and external, which means it requires a team of more than 240 000 employees ranging from border security and aviation to disaster response. Moreover, cyber security specializes in chemical aptitude personnel (Homeland Security, 2015).

Terrorism and Islamic extremists pose a significant security threat to our homeland. We tend to be a nation at war. The fight against terrorism and our adversaries is being opened to fresh hotbeds of terror. The state of the homeland is progressive, but not secure. Our enemies have an upper hand in the overwhelming spread of activities of terror that prevent our country from developing. In the past, president has assured the nation that ISIS has been contained. Such assurances have not added up in the minds of the people of our homeland.

Just recently, operatives of ISIS carried out the most deadly attack on the soil of the French republic since World War II. More so, just in our country alone there has been an ISIS attack the morning the San Bernardino militia carried out their massacre after the president had made a declaration. Homeland faces terrorism threats and US should lead in addressing the matter to avoid more perils. The paper will feature terrorism as a threat to Homeland and any available measures to curb the danger.

Threat of Terrorism to the USA

It is evident that terrorism is increasing and expanding in many directions each year, posing a high-security threat both internally and externally to our nation. We cannot be blind to the danger just in front of us. Terror groups have not been contained by homeland security. They are spreading at an alarming rate at a significant cost to the people of our great country. All security agencies are struggling with situations in handling this major threat (Smith, 2010).

The danger presents itself in many different forms to the public. In fact, the United States homeland is under so high a risk mainly because of the leadership vacuum as presented by McCaul. Today, ISIS can be shortly defined as an event expanding extreme Islamic militia on the global and homeland scales. Terror activity halts the US stock markets leading to a decline in stocks. In turn, this leads to a dancing dollar, as the currency becomes more unstable in the International market. Politically, these activities divide our nation as parties take their stands on terror activities.

The US economic growth declines due to dollar falling as a result of terrorism in the country. Subsequently, the threats have a negative impact on the level of consumer confidence in relation to spending in our country. Additionally, with the terror threats in our homeland the level of direct foreign investments in the United States decreases. Resultant military actions in fighting this vice come with increased budgetary allocation, adversely affecting the US fiscal policy.

The militia has been linked to several cases of terrorist plots and western attacks. The primary challenge being posed by this army today is their establishment in some states. Eradicating them has been a challenge, as their bases are numerous and interlinked. Terrorist groups currently exist in many nations across the globe. Their mission is one. Mainly, their bases are situated in Arabic countries that happen to have different internal policies and laws, much different when compared to our homeland.

The mercenaries have not only established their bases in many nations but have also recruited their operatives in nearly all countries around the globe (Jeffrey, 2015). They have created the most enormous assembly of Jihadists in the history of humanity.

Taking a case study at homeland terrorism activities over the decades several trends can be found. Ten years ago after the attacks, some common patterns can be established. It is important to evaluate these old scars and learn from the past to understand the present and predict the expected future trends of this significant threat of terrorism (Jeffrey, 2015). The survey is based on international global data and local communities in the nation. The data has been useful in directing the decisions of the United States. Progressive procedures delineate more elaborate homeland policies and security laws for the foreseeable future.

From the times when Osama bin Ladens name was extensively known to the homeland community up till now, terrorism has remained a significant threat to our homeland security. By that time Bin Laden had organized various major attacks against our nation. World Trade Centre and US embassy bombing in Kenya proved to be the most major attacks that ever occurred against the people of the US. Virtually, there have been fewer initiatives and strategies developed by DHS since this occurrence, making it an inadequate tool for addressing the deeply rooted limitations of dealing with this threat.

Subsequently, the draft of the Commission Report enhanced tremendous catalysts on the needed sound arguments on the nature of several threats facing the United States of America. The draft was also instrumental in drawing the much-needed attention to the nation's lack of outline in preventing attacks and also its preparedness in responding to such acts.

The proceeds of the national conversation, particularly on the lessons achieved, continue having a more significant role in engaging the related definition of these attacks, as well as the extent and sternness of the threat. This was the finest strategy on stopping attacks that can happen in the future (Muhlhausen, 2011). On many occasions, the US government has acted on this information drastically, changing the effort of homeland security enterprises inclusive of federal and local assets and private citizens of the world. This resulted in law enforcement of communities taking a better track to local groups than in the past.

The issue has been the one due to which the Congress and the president currently have to hone capabilities by adopting them in solving the most robust 21-century terrorist attacks. Many strategies are being put together to try and contain this threat so they would not affect the people of the homeland. Various security agents remain on standby in watching out for this hazard.

The result of this activity on conscious energy by the government in trying to keep the people of homeland in constant clutches of existential fear. In the broader part, they are justifying initiation of constant force wars. It's widely believed that as long as we remain with pentagons violence, weaker nations that are mostly populated majorly by non-Europeans will be affected negatively. The major question our people have to ask themselves is whether defeating these threats on one of the top agendas of the homeland security agencies is viable. It becomes crystal clear in the minds of all people across the political divide of the population of the United States.

The homeland security efforts have nearly all been directed to combat and arrest these people. However, it should not go down without mentioning that these efforts are not directed to the major profound causes, but by the government security systems. In the Middle East, terrorism is perceived to be molded over many decades, significantly contributing to and facilitating the expansion and the rise of terror as a major weapon to the security of the homeland.

The threat has eaten deep into the larger economy of the United States as massive funds are involved in trying to fight this menace. It's commonly estimated that trillions of dollars have been pumped into homeland security systems, leading to a substantial erosion of the portion of nation's civil liberties (Smith, 2010). In terms of global reputation, this threat has a serious impact. Additionally, deaths of over a million civilians who happen to be foreigners also serves as a proof that the system response to terror has led to less success in the stated objectives and expectations of the homeland people.

Making a case study on the current administration war allocation budget request, it points out nearly no intention of the government to fully deviate from the previous regimes in handling the extremist threats. Quadrennial Defense Report and the recent Nuclear Posture report released in the past few years present unjust and extensively failed security policies in trying to contain these threats of terrorism and terrorists. The nuclear threats implied in Iran and North Korea, and the past orders of the CIA calling for the assassination of citizens of this great nation do not reveal anything, but prove to be deep-rooted examples of terrorism in recent times.

Government Strategies in Fighting Terrorism

The change in the homeland security strategy of the government administration has been replaced by these threats commonly referred to at the beginning of the twenty-first century as the War on Terrorism. The current administration has changed this reference to what is commonly known as Oversees Contingency Operation, leading to transformation of its title in suggesting a mere budget allocation object. Taking into account the Pentagon war, in the past year capital allocation has been on the rise.

This happened to the national security agendas since the major attacks on Pentagon and the World Trade Center. In nine years, the past aimed at eroding the defeat of a small percentage of the non-state terrorism threats by grouping a large army with more advanced systems of technology. It was first applied in Afghanistan, followed by Iraq and currently back to the theater of Afghan. It extends into Pakistan too.

Anti-terrorism policies of the past two regimes have been characterized by two aspects, a public one and the other one which is concealed. The first issue is making sure Americans are mostly safe from Arabs and actual Muslim terrorists. This aspect was mainly deployed by the Bush government in solving these threats. Shielding the public away from the threats is the concealed aspect of this. A particular emphasis is put on utilization of the tragedy in trying to justify the perennial projection of military. This extends to the US throughout the petroleum-rich Middle East, specifically on the Persian Gulf parts, stretching into central Asia to the exterior of Afghanistan.

It has never affected the homeland security rendering acknowledgment of its previous years on the interference of major religions. Major prevailing factor is the thriving of terrorism. Afghan Taliban together with al-Qaeda has been a significant threat in the past decade. Washington has been unaware of the primary connection to these overwhelming threats posed to our homeland. Despite the primarily historical aggravation in the region, it goes without mentioning that in the current government era deception remains a huge factor concealed from a large number of people. Corporate mass media domination usually remained hidden to masses of individuals.

Department of Homeland Security has implemented several Major informed decisions during the last years that turned the public opinion in the vast Middle East against the United States of America. It led to the reproduction of the main conditions, leading to the production of Al-Qaeda, suicide bombers, and jihadist warriors. In describing these effects, it leads to modest proposals on rectifying the threats.

The recent response to the US Bombing in Afghanistan was that instead of waiting on international security agencies to work and bring to book the culprits guilty of what was commonly known as the propaganda of the deed and the al-Qaeda group that had declared attacks on the homeland. The Quasi-military groups with several interlinked cells in nations add an Afghan component that has been terrorizing and leaving the public in a great state of fear.

The decision of launching a war was mainly informed by the goal of al-Qaeda militia to discredit the US in the eyes of Arabs. It was completely innocent of the involvement due to the feeble security and sanctions. It compounded the major miscalculation of the original intent in the invasion of the Afghanistan.

The recent involvement of President Obama in making a decision and extending the Afghan war has continued to increase anti-US views of Arab states. The penetration of Pakistan and Yemen has also increased this problem significance to our homeland by the Arab masses. The good will shown by the president in extension to the Muslim region of his peaceful, warm, convincing words of deception in the city of Cairo it has led to dissipated reactions from the homeland (Muhlhausen, 2011). His arrangements of actions above have enhanced and strengthened a splinter inn the Arab and Muslim relations. The public is attracted to a fragment of clusters engaging in violent activities, mainly led by the al-Qaeda militia.

The long, expensive unsustainable actions that are mostly projecting the stalemate wars are bringing little impact to eliminating the threats of these militia groups. Many diplomats should have argued instead of more wars. Homeland security has to reverse their policies in trying to deal with the security threats imposed on us by the scale of terrorism.

Current Programs in Fighting Terrorism

The current government has initiated several methods of combating and containing terrorist activities for the general public of homeland. The government is leading the much needed efforts in achieving a more secure and resilient homeland. The government has committed itself to counter-terrorism. Promoting tour security and managing our borders is important, because it develops and enforces our immigration regulations, secures cyber networks in our nation, and enhances the much needed critical infrastructure, ensuring resilience disasters from terror activities. All these are being developed in the foreseeable future in defending our country through various programs.

Preventing Terrorism and Improving Security

Protecting the United States against from terror is the chief cornerstone delegated to the department of homeland security. DHS's mandate of countering terrorism focuses on the goals: shielding off attacks from terrorism (Homeland security, 2012), protecting unauthorized and illegal acquisition, movement or usage of any chemical or radiological element within our nation, and reduction in the ever increasing threats to the vulnerability of the most critical vital resources. These are achieved through various strategies:

There is a need to understand the imposed threats of terrorism. The approach emphasizes gathering and sharing intelligence on information about emerging terrorism.

Secondly, deterring operations and disrupting them is essential. Here, rehearsals of operations of militia groups are stopped and detected. Third, protecting terrorist abilities by deterring potential attacks and their networks is of importance. Additioanlly, homeland should concern itself with enhancing the end of the blowout of violent extremism and engaging the locals and communities in the participation of deterring attacks and vindicating radicalization.

It is also importance to anticipate threats of terrorism that are currently emerging, taking full control and access to the CBRN dangerous technologies, protecting the illegal transfer of dangerous CBRN weapons, preventing the use of CBRN that proves to be hostile, making attempts in the cognition of risk critical infrastructure, guard the infrastructure that is essential including systems and networks, developing the much needed critical resilient in the systems of support, facilitating state protection to government key leaders and special gatherings and events.

Managing the Borders and Ensuring Their Security

Making sure there is a way of prevention of all illegal entry on the agenda, with the facilitation of a safer in flow and exits of legal commerce and travel. For instance, the illegal export prevention works together with the departure of weapons and other malicious actors (Homeland Security, 2012). It also secures the most known key nodes in promoting critical transaction nodes resilience and exchange in the supply systems globally.

The system incorporates convergences to support guarded conveyances that are significant milestones in the international trading and transportation system, handling and managing hazards that might be imposed on the public and also the commodities being transported, identifying the risk posed to the nation security systems by the people who seek coming to our homeland, as well as the goods that are transported, dismantling all types of scales of terrorism organization. Militias involved in smuggling at the border are apprehended and dismantled, identifying and disrupting pathways perceived to be illicit, and those mainly used by criminals and Islamic extremist.

Dealing with the Conditions that Terrorists May Seek to Exploit

The government has realized many people are living in poverty and regional disputes all over. Giving into the conditions that terrorist try to exploit may be seen as unreasonable and defeat national cohesion and security. Many terrorists have one thing that unifies them in common: masses use setting conditions to their advantage.

Partnership with the Weak States in Preventing Growth of Terrorism Networks

Failed and weak nations are always perceived to be a primary source of international stability in regards to the security that poses a significant threat to our country. The United States government, therefore, goes to the extent of looking into the causes of the existence of weak states and preventing the prevailing conditions for such weakness. It is vital and forms the center of US policy.

Winning the Battle of Ideas

The government is battling and trying to win the war of words in setting out terrorism ideas that have no fertile ground for any person or any nation in the world. The influence of the United States is an integral tool in delegitimizing the evolution of modern terrorism ideas. Attacks made by terrorism should be viewed just as any other criminal injustice like slavery.

Putting in Place an Integrated Incident Administration Capability

Coordination of all units in the fight against terrorism should possess an improved incident management, interoperability, and make informed decisions.

Programs Should Be Put In Place for Protecting Citizens Internationally

The economic vitality of the US is defended for those citizens that happen to leave abroad. There is an increasing insecurity posed by terrorism to our people living abroad. They are viewed as potential targets by terrorists around the world. Department of security in our nation is tasked with informing the people living abroad and traveling about any terrorist attacks.

United States Government and the Threat of Terrorism

The United States has set up various ways of curbing terrorism. However, more measures should be there to ensure that the threat does not thrive. These ways include investing in the use and deployment of metal detectors at entry points including airports. The move will ensure a decline in this threat. Nevertheless, the substitution should effectively change airport security to other types of terrorism activities and fortifying embassies in the consolidation of all efforts of trying to protect diplomats. The fight against this vice should be intensified (Lum, Kennedy, & Sherley, 2009 ).

An increased punishment in its severity for terrorists and terror coordinators in the United States will lead to statistically noticeable effects in the reduction and containment of skyjacking incidents. There should be an increased legal research in our nation on the best ways of punishing terrorism.

Campbell review of the systems in the fight against terrormakes sure that subsequent organizing constructs form the center of all interventions, like the reduction in crime and whether it is an important object in counter-terrorism. Keeping away from retaliatory attacks, for instance, the attack by the US on Libya in 1986, would have a significant message to the other terrorist as they seek to take advantage and view the influence of the United States to be a weak one.

The alternative is fighting the establishment of liberal political parties favoring terrorism and ending the ever continuing cold war that has been integral in contributing to terrorism.

Conclusion

In summary, political violence has been prevalent in the humanity. However, we cannot cope with any more terrorists who are after consolidating powers of modern technology in threatening the notion of a civilized society. It is evident to all the scales of terrorism are increasing and expanding each year, posing a high-security threat both internally and externally to our nation. We cannot openly be blind to the danger just before us. Terror groups have not been contained by homeland security.

The government has to be more resolute in fighting against terror and terrorism activities in our nation. Coordination of all units in the fight against terrorism should possess an improved incident management, interoperability, and make informed decisions in the struggle of this perennial vice to our homeland. Indeed, Homeland faces terrorism threats and the US should lead in addressing the matter to avoid more perils.

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