Introduction

For the last few years, some of the states in the USA have legalized same-sex marital unions. A great amount of citizens of the USA considers that gay marriage legitimation is a tremendous threat for their personal well-being and the one of the whole state. They think that homosexuality is a social problem because this movement becomes more and more widespread and even legitimated. The issue must be regarded as a social problem because it makes one think about his or her social perspective.

Analyzing the present-day situation, one may question the issue of permitting numerous individual liberties. Most people would say that maintaining those good traditions, which promoted the establishment of solidarity and cohesion in the society, will be miles better than the introduction of something new, untested, like legitimation of the same-sex marriages.

Same-sex marriage has become an ordinary thing not only in America, but in most countries of the world. Many people support it and consider there is nothing wrong in marrying the person of the same sex. Still, the issue has not been entirely investigated and its possible future outcomes are threatening as gay marriage rejects many of generally accepted moral values and standards.

For instance, William Meezan and Jonathan Rauch question the well-being of children in the society where gay marriage is legalized and the same-sex people, who live as a couple, are allowed to adopt a child. The results of such parenthood may be different; children do not only need love and care as S. Bidstrup presumes; they need to know elementary modes of conduct, understand what is wrong and what is right, see what is natural and what is considered to be a disorder.

Homosexuality is congenital, inborn, and has a strong genetic component, Scott Bidstrup claims (Bidstrup). Still, there is no evidence that homosexuality is normal because all animals and humans can be regarded as animals are heterosexual in their nature. Moreover, according to Jeff Johnston, a homosexuality and gender analyst, nobody is born gay, but it is not a persons choice either. Ones being heterosexual or homosexual is influenced by his or her personality, temperament, relationships, experiences, and the choices that one makes (Johnston).

One of the reasons for the same-sex marriage to be a social problem is the fact that most venereal diseases, as numerous researchers claim, are spread by homosexuals, though they deny this idea. Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports: While anyone who has sex can get an STD, sexually active gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM) are at greater risk.

In addition to having higher rates of syphilis, more than half of all new HIV infections occur among MSM (CDC Fact Sheet: What Gay, Bisexual and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men Need to Know About Sexually Transmitted Diseases 1). If to consider this fact, homosexuality is a negative issue in general and gay marriages only foster the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.

It is important to mention that there are no apparent differences between homosexual and heterosexual people. They look the same way, do the same job, attend same places, have similar hobbies, and are of different social status. The only difference is in the people they would like to have as their sexual partners.

People understand that gay marriage and homosexuality in general form one social problem. It is hard to say when they became aware of it because there was no global social movement that indicated their beginning to realize the seriousness of the situation. Obviously, there were gay parades held before, but one may suppose that the awareness of problem started with the legalization of the same-sex marriage on 1 April, 2001, in the Netherlands along with the allowance to such a new-born family to adopt a child. That was a turning point that made people think of what they let other people do.

Historical Background

There have been different changes in the legalization of gay marriage since 2001 when the Netherlands became the first country to legitimize the homosexual marriage. American people have a different attitude towards homosexuality and it has changed with the flow of time, Jessica Madrid and Stephen Rice claim (Madrid and Rice 45). Their General Social Survey proves that people supported gay marriages more in recent years, for example, from 11% of supporters in 1988 their number grew to 46% rate in 2010 (Harms).

According to Gallup poll, held in 2012, Americans tend to approve gay marriage even more 50% of the responders supported the idea to legitimize it as a traditional marriage (Newport). As of November 6, 2012, 9 states, including the District of Colombia, issued the laws, which allowed homosexual couples to get married (Defining Marriage: Defense of Marriage Acts and Same Sex Marriage Laws).

Connecticut, Iowa, and Massachusettss high courts decided that the constitutions of these states should give gay couples the same rights as heterosexual couples. New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, and the District of Colombia were the states where legislatures changed the laws and allowed gay marriages. In Washington and Maryland, the voters on the November ballot support the idea of their governments to make same-sex marriage legal (Defining Marriage: Defense of Marriage Acts and Same Sex Marriage Laws).

The voters in Maine also had a ballot, on which they upheld the legitimation of gay marriage, changing the decision of 2009, when such marriage legitimation was opposed (OToole). Washington, Maryland, and Maines results show that it was the first time that voters supported gay marriage legislation in such an open way.

On April 1, 2000, the Dutch parliament legalized gay marriage, divorce, and the possibility to adopt children. Wagstaff claims that today one may count 16,000 married homosexual couples in the Netherlands. Citizens approve same-sex marriage to 82% degree and it is the highest percent rate of homosexual marriage legislation in the European Union.

In 2003, gay marriage was legitimized in Belgium. Belgic people did not oppose much, but Pope John Paul II was made to carry on a global campaign to declare homosexual unions were immoral, unnatural and harmful (Wagstaff).

In 2005, the Canadian House of Commons legalized same-sex marriage, but two years of court suits preceded making the decision. In 2006, socially aware activists tried to make the House of Commons abolish gay marriages, but they did not succeed.

2005 was remarkable for Spain as well as for Canada. The law was not supported by conservative politicians. There was also a court case on the issue, but the Conservatives lost it in 2012. The interior minister Jorge Fernandez Diaz admitted that homosexual marriage does not ensure the survival of species, that is why, it was important to cancel the law (Wagstaff).

At the end of 2005, the Constitutional Court of South Africa did not accept the law on gay marriage project. The Parliament was given 1-year term to adjust laws to comply with the ruling (Wagstaff). In November 2006, the homosexual marriage was officially allowed in South Africa.

Norway joined the rest of progressive countries in 2009. The controversies at that time were developed around the question whether lesbian mothers can be allowed to do IVF. Lesbians won and the Parliament approved homosexual marital unions.

The next country to give gays full rights to marry became Sweden in 2009. In 2010, the Parliament of Iceland carried the law on gay marriage unanimously. An interesting fact is that the Prime Minister of Iceland, Johanna Sigurdardottir, was lesbian and soon after the marriage was legitimized, she married Jonina Leosdottir.

In 2010, the Portuguese President Anibal Cavaco Silva supported the law on same-sex marriage, but that the law does not let homosexual Portuguese couples adopt children. Despite the fact that Argentina is predominantly a Catholic country, its Parliament legalized homosexual marriages just as the Portuguese did. Pope Francis called the signed bill a destructive attack on God's plan (Wagstaff). Although Denmark was the first country, which approved civil unions of homosexuals in the late 1980s, the official law that gave homosexual couples the right to adopt children and marry in the church was passed only in 2012.

Reasons against Gay Marriages

According to religious and traditional views of many people, marriage is a covenant only between a man and a woman and anything different from it that people may call marriage cannot be considered as a real marital union. The covenant must be made in order to raise, educate children, and take care of the general well-being of the family. The supporters of gay marriage by this type of union mean the relationship between two males or two females. That is absolutely opposite to natural, psychological, social, and biological characteristics of normal people.

Any type of sexual relationships between individuals of the same sex is the violation of the natural law. It is in the nature of humans and animals that two individuals of different sex get into a sexual relationship to continue the genus. The same conclusion must be made about sexual relationships between people of the same sex as these relationships are not allowed as they contradict natural law (TFP Student Action).

If two male or two female individuals get married, they usually try to adopt a child. They may have their own child from a heterosexual marriage, get one with the help of IVF (if that is a lesbian marriage), or use the services of a surrogate mother. If the child is raised in such a family, he or she does not know who his/her father and his/her mother are because there is no gender difference between parents. This fact influences childs present and future, deprives a child of something, or, better to say, someone unique he or she may have father and mother.

This type of marriage promotes the spread of homosexual type of relationships. In addition, it validates such relationships by setting the example to people who, probably, are not sure of what they want and what they really are. Gay marriage may foster some people to be bisexual or become transsexual. There is nothing good in that because this state of things will only favor the spread of sexually transmitted diseases.

Many homosexuals compare their struggle to legitimize their marriage to the struggle for racial equality in the 1960s (TFP Student Action ). There is nothing common between these two issues as racial factor is nature-based and homosexuality has nothing to do with genes, it is the way the person get formed in his or her surrounding or the way the person decides to be.

Same-sex marriages are unacceptable as they are not family. The real heterosexual couples are considered to be a family as they have natural ability to give birth to a child. Homosexuals do not have this ability; they reject it voluntarily (TFP Student Action ).

As TFP Student Action organization reports, same-sex marriage defeats the states purpose of benefiting marriage (TFP Student Action). It means that marriage is allowed to be established in order to create suitable conditions to raise children. For the above-mentioned reasons, gay couples cannot create these conditions, so their relationships, even legalized, are not a real marital union.

Trying to achieve their ultimate goal to legitimate same-sex marriage, homosexuals impose the acceptance of this type of relations on the society they live in and propagate their unnatural sexual relationships (TFP Student Action ). They make people ignore moral values of their society and foster the development of next steps of sexual perversion like incest, pedophilia, bestiality, and other forms of unnatural behavior (TFP Student Action).

One of the most important reasons for the prohibition of same-sex marriage legalization is the fact that this type of marriage offends God. For that manner, all people who believe in God or at least accept the idea of His existence should reject any thought of supporting gays, lesbians, transsexuals, bisexuals and stay away from the desire to have sexual relationships with the person of the same sex because it is extremely sinful (TFP Student Action ).

All in all, there are different reasons for the objection to legitimation of gay marriage. They are personal, moral, religious, social, etc. They all are very significant and, for sure, their list can be extended.

Present-Day Situation

For many years, homosexuality has been discussed on the religious ground, now the question about same-sex marriages has come to the political scale as well. The governments of different countries face the issue and try to find a solution that would satisfy all people. Still, as it is obvious, such a remedy has not been found yet. There is no solution to the problem that could satisfy everyone, but it is necessary to understand that homosexuality, and moreover, the same-sex marriages have always been considered to be sinful, abnormal, and socially unacceptable.

In their desire for general equality of rights, many people and some governments have reached a state of total absurdity. Consider, for example, the patients of mental hospitals, which are diagnosed to have schizophrenia: they are human beings just like other people. For that manner, they should be given the same rights as mentally healthy people have and let do what they want irrespective of the fact that most of them are extremely dangerous. The same thing happens to the homosexuality: some years ago, it was considered to be a mental disorder. Later, it became just another option that people have.

The governors of most countries think that there will be fewer troubles if they legalize gay marriages than if they try to preserve the moral values that predominate in their countries and were established many centuries ago. It is needless to say that these states are mostly Christian.

For example, Queen Elizabeth II prepared the ground to legalize the same-sex marriage in Great Britain. She approved the bill, which was composed by the Parliament. There were controversies around the issue as it is a really dubious one and, at the same time, a morally unacceptable one. The Prime Minister David Cameron supported the idea about gay marriage, but the members of his party (he belongs to Conservatives) were absolutely against the bill. Their disagreement ended up in the debates that lasted two hours in the House in Commons.

That is interesting, but there are not that many people, as in France last spring, for instance, who were against the Queens decision to legitimize gay marriages. The establishing of same-sex marital unions are planned to be started next summer in England and Wales (Wagstaff).

In spring this year, the parliament of New Zealand passed a bill that legitimizes gay marriages in the country. The marital ceremonies began in August this year. There were members of the New Zealands parliament who did not support the bill. They were Family First conservative group. What is interesting, before the New Zealand started ceremonies to marry homosexuals, the Parliament of Uruguay decided to become another country after Argentina and Portugal where gay marriages are legal, though the Catholics were extremely against the decision.

More and more US politicians support the idea to legalize gay marriage; even the Presidents Administration assumed that the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) could be regarded as unconstitutional because of violating equality of rights of all people. Although the DOMA was continued to be used, the politicians did not keep on the defense of the Act in the courts of its constitutionality.

There are 16 countries in the world that have legally approved the homosexuals capability to get married. The countries where same-sex marital unions are regarded as partially legal are Mexico and the United States (Wagstaff).

This year, two countries allowed their homosexual citizens to get married: they are France and Brazil. The National Assembly of France passed a bill in order to make same-sex marriage legal. 331 members supported the bill and 225 opposed it. The voting did not go in a smooth way. At that time, numerous protesters tried to show their disapproval by overturning cars and fighting off tear gas along the Champs-Elysees (Wagstaff). The first homosexual couple to get married in France was Vincent Autin and Bruno Boileau. They celebrated this event on May 29, 2013 in Montpellier.

In May 2013, The National Council of Justice of Brazil ruled 14-to-1 that notary publics couldn't refuse to perform same-sex marriages (Wagstaff). Homosexual couples had some government benefits before, but that time they were granted the possibility to change their surnames to their partners ones. The procedure to adopt children has become easier for them since that time.

Solutions to the Problem

There are no evident solutions that may be used in all countries to prevent the legitimation of gay marriage. Still, the one and the most important thing that must be done is the prohibition to popularize homosexuality, same-sex marital unions, and everything connected to them. Neoliberal attitude towards the problem means to give all people equal rights, satisfy their demands, and thus let them establish gay marital unions. That is what the countries that legitimized same-sex marriages did.

Radical or revolutionary attitude is not appropriate as well as, if to follow it, it is necessary to isolate homosexual people from heterosexual. Social democratic method will not help as well as it means to consciously occupy a neutral position, i.e. to do nothing or, what is even worse, to let people do what they want.

What is more important, Jeff Johnston claims that numerous stories, clinical reports, and even some research studies do support the idea that homosexual people can change to heterosexual if they want (Johnston). So, it is possible to cure homosexuals if, of course, they want it.

Conclusion

Same-sex marriage legitimation is a burning issue nowadays and there should be measures to be assumed. Gay marital unions are impossible to be allowed for many reasons. For those who are in favor of this type of relationship, the objections may seem not reasonable enough (for Scott Bidstrup, for instance), but for their supporters they are logical and morally appropriate.

There is no evidence what influence gay marriage may have on the general atmosphere in the society. One may admit that homosexual marital unions foster the spread of unnatural sexual behavior, increasing the amount of gays, lesbians, transsexuals, and bisexuals. What is more, these marriages destroy stable moral values of the society that were formed hundreds of years ago.

If there are any children in gay families, they are affected as well. Although children brought up by gay couples seem to be just the same as those of straight couples, they already have a perverted vision of the family. If a child is raised by the same-sex parents, he or she starts thinking whether to live with a person of the same sex or different, even though he or she may be heterosexual. There is no need to mention religion as a matter, which could help the child to overcome some tough situations, because most religions reject homosexuality at all.

In general, gay marriage is a real problem of the todays society. The number of states in the USA, as well as a number of countries all over the world has legitimized same-sex marriages, creating real chaos and rivalry between people with stable moral values and those who try to impose their own view of the world and society as the right one.

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