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Common Traits of Bully and Victim

Interventions of Bullying for the Community

When bullying happens in a community, many people get involved, including participants, recipients, and witnesses. Recognizing bullying as a phenomenon and the roles humanity usually plays in such situations can help people to recognize it and, at least, choose the way of behavior with the most positive consequences. In any bullying case, a person hurts on intention, threatens, or humiliates another person. Online and offline bullying can coincide and include physical, verbal, or indirect bullying. Bullying quickly becomes a problem for the community as a whole, school, or workplace; even though it may seem that only a few people are involved. There are ways to determine if the surrounding is becoming a victim or has undergone the effects of bullying. Unfortunately, bullies appear in all forms and sizes, are of all ages and nationalities, and exist in all socio-economic groups.

Interventions of Bullying for the Workplace

Workplace bullying is any behavior at the workplace involving physical, mental, or social threats. Unfortunately, many people including bosses, students, interns, employees, casuals, and temps face the problem of workplace bullies who may either be a boss or colleague. They usually use words and actions to daunt their victims. Nevertheless, some situations cannot be considered bullying, even though they may seem unfair.

The boss can fire, transfer, move to a lower position, dismiss or punish an employee, but for a good reason. Workplace bullying spins up. Workplace bullying affects approximately half of all American workers, either as a purpose or witness to offensive behavior against a colleague. Law firms and the legal workplace, unfortunately, favor bullies. The rapid, competitive character of litigation and other legal work attracts bullies. Bullying personalities are commonly excessively ambitious, inventive, martial, and influential.

Workplace bullying incorporates the attempts to fail or defeat a victim by complaining about his/her failures and reporting to the boss about his/her smallest deviation from rules.

Some types of workplace bullying include mockeries, sexual harassment, removing from workplace activities, playing mind games, assigning to pointless tasks, which do not help do the job, impossible demands; setting up to fail, complicating duties, hiding important information; physical violence, pushing and definite attacks, threatening with knives or drills, initiation of unacceptable rituals or humiliating.

Everyone including employers is responsible for stopping bullying and providing a workplace free of bullying and threatening. All mentioned types can also be considered illegal. If the bullied person is under 16, it can be viewed as child abuse. Bullying for age, gender, disability, religion, or sexual preference could be biased, which is illegal, as well. In any case, violence is always illegal.

People should never feel uncomfortable at work and cope with bullying when at work. When being bullied at the workplace addressing the human resources department may help deal with the problem. Being subject to physical threats one should report to the employer and police. Often bullies are seeking this type of confrontation, and it inspires them to intimidate tougher. Crying and showing weakness before the bully are not proper things to do since they may aggravate the situation.

Interventions of Bullying for the School

School bullying is one more aspect of intimidation of one student by another. This happens at school and on the way home, at shopping and sporting centers, at parties, playgrounds, or parks. Less-supervised locations can be a suitable place for bullying. Some studies have found that bullying happens in classrooms and school buses, although less than in hallways. Police have supposed bigger responsibility for aiding school officials keep students safe. The most effective ways to prevent or decrease bullying require school administrators' commitment and intensive attempts; police interested in increasing school safety can use their influence to inspire schools in addressing the problem.

Bullying happens at all grade levels, most often in elementary school. It happens a little less often in the middle and high schools where high school freshmen are particularly defenseless. Bullying in schools has some similarities to the related problems mentioned below, each of which demands its own analysis and response.

Most students do not complain about bullying to adults. Surveys from different countries reveal that many victims and witnesses do not tell teachers or even parents anything. Consequently, teachers may undervalue the level of bullying in their school and may identify only some part of the real bullies. Studies also consider that children do not believe in their teacher's intervention when complaining about bullying.

In a survey of American middle and high school students, 66 percent of bullied victims believed that school professionals reacted poorly to the observed bullying problems. Some of the reasons for keeping silent by the victims include fearing requital, disbelief, feeling shame for not being able to hold on their own, being unconfident that anything would change, and thinking the problem would get worse. Although most students consider that bullying is awful, witnesses seldom tell teachers and only sometimes partially interfere.

Some students worry that intervention will cause a bully's anger and make him the next target. Also, students may believe that no one is capable to stop bullying. Student-witnesses have a central role in creating conditions for bullying. In every bullying act, there is a victim, the ringleader bully, assistant bullies, reinforcers, outsiders, and defenders. Studies suggest that only between 10 and 20 percent of students who are not involved, help when another student is being bullied. Generally, bullies are assertive, prevailing, and stand a little below average in intellectual activity and reading ability.

Bullies do not have much sympathy for their victims. Young bullies tend to stay bullies if left without appropriate intervention. Bullying rates among individuals punished and violated by their parents are higher. Generally, bullies have poor social skills which are compensated by bullying. In the early grades, bullies are initially famous and considered leaders. Also, bullies behave aggressively for different purposes. As they learn the reactions of their age-mates, the number of their victim's decreases, and their choice is more consistent.

Thus, bullies at last concentrate on age-mates who become chronic victims due to their reaction to aggressors. It points out that early defining of chronic victims can be important for effectual intervention. Actually, bullying happens due to social cooperation with parents, age-mates, and teachers.

The extent to which physical, mental or speech difficulties play a role when choosing a victim remains unidentified. While many students have been bullied in school, chronic victims receive the main harm. It appears that from six to ten percent of school-age children are chronic victims of being bullied several times a week. The number of chronic victims in primary school is higher than in middle school, and it reduces when entering high school.

If a 15 years old student is a chronic victim, it would not be a surprise that he or she had been victimized for many years. Because of the harm, interventions directed at anti-bullying should include a component counting the abuse chronic victims suffer. Some chronic victims become such because they aggressively respond to the bullying. The majority of chronic victims, however, are utterly passive and defenseless. Nevertheless, it is difficult to help victims who provoke bullies themselves because their behavior must sufficiently change to reduce their abuse.

Both defiant and passive chronic victims tend to be worried and unsafe that makes others understand that they are easy butts. They are also unable to manage their emotions being lonely and more reserved in society. Unfortunately, chronic victims may come back to bullies trying to continue the perceived relationship, which may cause a new period of victimization. Chronic victims often stay victims even after moving to new classes with new peers, supposing that, without other interventions, nothing will change.

Sexual Bullying

Sexual bullying includes comments, motions, actions that hurt, offend, or humiliate another person. Sexual bullies concentrate on a person's appearance, parts of the body, or sexual orientation. Sexual harassment may be verbal when making rude comments about someone, or without speaking. Bullies may send inappropriate text messages or videos to harass someone sexually. Sometimes this kind of bullying can even get physical. Both boys and girls can be harassed. Sexual harassment is spread not only to people of the same age.

Adults sometimes sexually bother young people. Sexual harassment and sexual bullying have similarities they both include unbidden sexual comments, attention, or physical contact. Some behaviors may be illegal and go against school policy. For the targeted person, it does not make much difference between bullying and harassment. This behavior is violent in any case. Sexually bullied people can feel emotional stress if the situation is not relieved.

Some images, language, gestures, sexual messages, spreading sexual rumors and contact are unsuitable for a reason. It may be considered as the sexual harassment or bullying category. In some cases, sexual messages can be regarded as harassment or bullying and can cause very serious consequences.

Furthermore, messages or pictures considered private can appear in undesirable hands and be utilized to threaten, harass, or humiliate. Persuading another person into doing unwanted actions such as kissing, oral sex, or coition, goes further than sexual attack or bullying. Enforcing someone to do sexual things is sexual attack or rape, which a crime.

Cyber-Bullying

Cyber-bullying is when one person is intimidated by another through the Internet, digital appliances, or mobile phones. It usually involves an under-aged person on both sides or when a person is being incited by one against another. When adults are trying to tempt children to meet offline is called sexual exploitation, not bullying. However, sometimes when an under-aged person starts cyber-bullying, it includes sexual predators who desire sexual harassment or even advertisements posted by the cyberbully proposing sex to the victim. The ways used can be limited only by the child's fantasy and access to the Internet. However, the cyberbully once may turn into the victim. Children often change roles being a victim or bully and vice versa.

Cyberbullying sometimes involves a threat of death or serious bodily harm. Children usually know that parents are more worried about the obscene language used by the children than the harm of violent and embarrassing posts. Parents often try and pursue criminal charges. Schools can positively affect talking to parents to stop and broke cyberbullying cases. They may also teach the students cyber ethics and law.

It is also vital for parents to pay attention and be frank with their children and encourage being confident. If the child is a cyber-bully, it is necessary to clarify the rules about suitable online behavior and face the outcomes such as losing accounts or computer user, if they break the rules.

Conclusion

In conclusion, no matter what type the bullying is happening nearby, and no matter a victim or a witness should make things clear and report or try to help to stop the harassment, intimidation, or humiliation. Nowadays society is severe and harsh; nevertheless, some people try to stop cruel bullies who direct their actions on defenseless people, particularly children.

Having observed the information about bullying, its kinds, and consequences, it is evident that bullies are defective people with inferiority complexes. Therefore, they try to implement themselves intimidating their victims.

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