An essay that proposes an idea and ensures evidence with the help of which the reader will be convinced that a certain idea is a bad or a good one is a proposal essay.

Being an important part of economic and business transactions, they are also used in other areas, both personal and professional ones. Proposal essays/papers may be written for scientific fields and any college classes.

Keep reading and find out how to write an outstanding proposal essay

Before Getting Started: Pre-Writing Stage

Even typing a sentence requires a lot of work done before. Before creating your proposal, you’ll need to dedicate some time to each of the following.

  1. You Should Know Your Audience. Writing a proposal essay is intended to convince the audience that a certain idea isn’t worth pursuing, or that your idea is definitely worth pursuing. When you want to convince someone of something, you should know who you’ll be convincing, actually writing for. Consider who are these people, whether academics, government officials, or business people. Depending on who they are, you’ll emphasize a certain point. You’ll have to underline every possible financial benefit if your target audience is business people. For government officials, you’ll need to highlight how popular a certain proposal is.
  2. Start Your Research. Secondary sources aimed to persuade others of your proposal will support your claims.
  3. Brainstorming. Before you start writing the essay itself, you’ll definitely need to brainstorm, great ideas require some time for sure. Once you are ready with your excellent proposal essay ideas, the next thing to do is thinking about the way you’d like to organize them.
  4. Review. One more thing of great significance you need to mind about is getting feedback. Give your draft a colleague or trusted peer, you need a fresh eye. Then while working on your second draft, include given feedback.

 Main Parts of a Proposal Essay

Here are the main parts of a proposal paper/essay listed. Mind that it depends on your proposal whether some parts may need to be taken out or be added. You may rearrange the parts listed below to suit your proposal (the only exception to the introduction and conclusion):

  • Introduction
  • Your proposal
  • Your plan of action
  • Desired outcomes
  • Resources needed
  • Conclusion


This part of your paper is aimed to tell your audience about the history of your proposal or to provide a subject to an uninformed/ informed audience.

You shouldn’t undervalue the significance of this part of your essay. This part needs to demonstrate the topic properly and prove to the audience why they should care about this issue. The reader’s attention isn’t so easy to grab as you might have thought. An idea to begin with an anecdote, interesting fact, or statistic is helpful for sure. 

Consequently, you are going to highlight a certain problem, the one which in your opinion, your proposal would solve. If you know your audience, you can underline the benefits your proposal would give.


This part should be brief and only a few sentences long as here you show what your actual proposition is. This is a statement of purpose. Mind to not insert details about the way the proposal will be carried out in this part.

Plan of Action

How do you plan to demonstrate to the audience that you’ve prepared? This part should include details and the way your proposal will be fulfilled.

Mind to insert:

1. Convince

it goes about the need to convince the audience that you’re that person who should carry the proposal out, besides convincing them that your proposal is a good idea. It would be great to point out your qualifications and to reveal the reasons why you exactly are suited for the task.

2. Detail

when it comes to the implementation, you are likely to provide enough detail to enable the audience to see that you’ve thought carefully about how it will work. Thus you are ensuring your audience that they won’t be bored with unneeded or overly technical details.

3. Anticipate:

Anticipation of potential implementation problems besides being a good practice is also a good interaction with your audience. It said that you’ve prepared thoroughly about every potential stumbling block and your proposal in general.

4. Explain why it should work.

Here there is a need for an explanation of why the proposal will work. You should focus on the reasons why this proposal is viable. Similar past experiences, if you have any, are welcomed to be mentioned. Thus you can persuade that this proposal will work the same way as the previous one has worked. In case you can’t yet boast of any experience, then you should think about your audience. Try to foresee what your audience wants to hear. Use your logic as it will be of great help for sure. If your manager greatly appreciates the things done on time, then you might point out how your proposal can accelerate productivity.

Tip: this section shouldn’t be structured as your "Benefits of..." section, mind that you need to structure it differently.

5. Desired outcomes

That’s the place where your goals are stated. This section is simple and tends to be repetitive with other sections where you’ve already explained the benefits, but it plays the role of a "drill" to ensure sufficient persuasion.

6. Necessary Resources

The things needed to fulfill your proposal need to be mentioned. Tangible items need to be included (money, paper, computers, etc.) the same as intangible ones such as time.

7. Preparations Made

When you show the audience your awareness and you seem like a person who knows what he/she is doing, you increase your chances significantly. Don’t undervalue the need for careful preparation.

8. Conclusion

It’s essential not to repeat your introduction in this part in case you choose to mention the "history" of a certain proposal. If you failed to give some historical background information in your proposal, that’s the part where it can be done: Proposal, plan of action, all the "why's" of the essay, and so on.

9. Works Cited/Consulted

A proposal paper/essay without any exception has to be cited appropriately as any paper or essay. You should use "Works Consulted" in case you don’t cite anything word for word. In case you quote from a resource in your paper, then this section requires the title "Works Cited.".

Collage Proposal Paper Sample


In 1912, Pablo Picasso, a keen painter of still life and nature, glued a makeshift tablecloth to his painting, Still Life with Chair Caning. In this way, he started the art of collage making simply by adding various items to aid his painting. (Pablo Picasso – Still Life with Chair Canning). What is a college? A group of objects arranged together to create a complete image of a theme, memory, or idea. Collage creates a linking message or theme and can be a very helpful tool in education.

Statement of Purpose

All students are asked to make an artistic collage which they will have to present to the class. This collage has to symbolize the setting, audience, context, or key ideas found in one of their readings this semester.

Plan of Action

The students are given one week to accomplish the project and get prepared for a presentation for it. One reading needs to be chosen by every student, the one we’ll read in the future or the one which has been already done. The exact requirements of the project, as well as what the purpose of the project is, will be given to the students.

Benefits of Collage Proposal

  1. Students are allowed to clear up any confusions and misconceptions they might have about a work when we were just discussing it in class. Making a collage, every student can think about the ideas and readings from another perspective.
  2. It’s a good revision of a certain work more creatively. A collage helps to clarify any topics in the readings that then might come upon a test or the finals.
  3. The student is given a chance to go back to the reading and understand it if he/she got a bad grade because of misunderstanding the reading. Or there is an opportunity to grasp concepts and ideas that might be of great importance to the students before the students do the reading.
  4. Making a college, students are becoming familiar with the work visually and are likely to better understand the main topics, themes, and ideas of work.

Viability of Collage Proposal

It will be a nice addition to the class, as this project is aimed to help students grasp the ideas much better by getting the visual aspect of work.

Desired Outcomes

The goal of my collage proposal lies in allowing the students to demonstrate their creativeness and try to think out of the box, leaving behind the boundaries of classroom discussion. They can use their imagination to make the course reading much easier and better understand.

Necessary Resources

The amount of time required to complete the project depends on the literary work that a student chooses. One week for creating their college will be enough to create an educational and presentable college for the class, regardless of the reading students choose to do.

About tangible resources, this project doesn’t seem to be very demanding. A series of drawings or photographs or a simple poster would be enough.

What concerns the necessary resources; are craft supplies and the literary work that the students choose.


A college enables the students to understand the things they might have failed to get properly and might be confused about in a reading, encouraging them to read more in-depth.

Works Cited


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